[cr-india] From Wikipedia... CR in India

ram bhat ram at maraa.in
Wed Jun 12 00:52:32 CDT 2013

I had written some of the earlier entries about policy and general stuff..
now it reads like a page for advertising different radio stations
will try and edit in a few days..


On Wed, Jun 12, 2013 at 2:45 AM, Frederick FN Noronha * फ्रेड्रिक नोरोन्या
* فريدريك نورونيا <fredericknoronha1 at gmail.com> wrote:

> Pls improve the content there if you can:
> India
> In India <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/India> the campaign to legitimise
> community radio began in the mid-1990s, soon after the Supreme Court of
> India <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supreme_Court_of_India> ruled in its
> judgment of February 1995 that "airwaves are public property".[3]<http://mib.nic.in/informationb/POLICY/supreme.htm>
> [*dead link <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Link_rot>*] This
> inspired groups across the country; however, only educational (campus)
> radio stations were originally permitted (under a number of conditions).
> the oldest radio of uttarakhand is Henvalvani fm 90.4 MHz which is stuated
> in chamba tehri garhwal The roots of Henvalvani Community Radio, Chamba,
> were laid in September 2001 when a group of young rural youth came together
> in an attempt to find a distinct voice of their own. The Himalaya Trust, an
> NGO based in Dehradun conducted a radio training with the group, teaching
> them basics of recordings, specially focused on highlighting the needs of
> their local communities. For the groups members, making topical programs
> and airing them back in the hill villages in their vicinity was a first
> step towards an information revolution, and they have never looked back
> since. Not having any steady platform to air back their programs from,
> initially Henvalvani (or the voice of Henval, a name derived from the
> valley where the initiative is located) used to narrowcast its programs,
> its members traveling from village to village encouraging people to come
> and listen, contribute or join in the discussions. Recently, Henvalvani has
> also begun to broadcast some of its programs on satellite radio World Space
> (Asiadev channel) and has distributed digital radio sets to some villages
> in an attempt to build steady listenership (this was done through
> collaboration with another development agency). The All India Radio,
> Najibabad has also aired some of their community- based programs, thus
> ensuring a larger reach to the group. In 2006, Henvalvani set up its own
> low cost studio in Chamba and today about twelve young members work out of
> this space. Since its inception, Henvalvani has worked on various kinds of
> programs, all contextual and community centric in nature like awareness
> campaigns, programs promoting local talents or documenting traditional
> practices, environmental history and people’s movements in the valley,
> health capsules, stories of migration to the cities and so on. In
> partnership with a local NGO of the area, ASTHA, Henvalvani has also
> organized community melas and youth programs, in an attempt to bring
> together diverse voices of the hills on one common platform. Its members
> have participated in several trainings and meetings on community media in
> and outside of India. Committed to spreading the community media movement
> in the country, some of its members have also shared their own skills and
> knowledge with communities elsewhere by conducting trainings and workshops
> for other radio enthusiasts. this is broadcasting in garhwali language and
> 3march 2012 it is broadcast fast programme it is working since 2001 and it
> have many progrmme
> Anna FM was India's first campus "community" radio station. Launched on 1
> February 2004, it is run by the Education and Multimedia Research Centre
> (EM²RC); all programmes are produced by Media Science students at Anna
> University <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anna_University>.
> On 16 November 2006, the government of India implemented new Community
> Radio Guidelines,[14]<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Community_radio#cite_note-14>which permit
> NGOs <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NGOs> and other civil organizations to
> own and operate community radio stations. About 4,000 community radio
> licenses are being offered across India, according to government sources.
> By 30 November 2008, the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting of the
> Government of India had received 297 applications for community radio
> licenses (including 141 from NGOs and other civil organizations, 105 from
> educational institutions and 51 for "farm radio" stations to be run by
> agricultural universities and agricultural extension centers, or *Krishi
> Vigyan Kendras*). Of these, 107 community radio stations have been
> cleared for licensing through the issuance of Letters of Intent. 13 Grant
> of Permission Agreements (GOPA) have been signed with license applicants
> under the new plan.
> By 30 November 2008, there were 38 operational community radio stations in
> the country. Of these, two are run by NGOs and the rest by educational
> institutions. The first community-based radio station licensed to an NGO
> (as distinct from campus-based radio) was launched on 15 October 2008, when Sangham
> Radio <http://edaa.in/content-bank/cr-station-spotlight/sangham-radio>[*dead
> link <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Link_rot>*] in Pastapur
> village, Medak district, Andhra Pradesh<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andhra_Pradesh>state went on the air at 11:00 am. Sangham Radio, which broadcasts on
> 90.4 MHz, is licensed to the Deccan Development Society (DDS) (an NGO which
> works with women's groups in approximately 75 villages in Andhra Pradesh).
> The community radio station is managed by General and Algole Narsamma. The
> second NGO-led community radio station in India was launched on 23 October
> 2008 at Taragram in Orchha, Madhya Pradesh<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madhya_Pradesh>state. Named Radio
> Bundelkhand <http://edaa.in/Members/Radio_Bundelkhand>[*dead link<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Link_rot>
> *] after the Bundelkhand region of central India where it is located, the
> radio station is licensed to the Society for Development Alternatives (DA)
> (a Delhi-based NGO). Radio Bundelkhand also broadcasts on 90.4 MHz for four
> hours a day (including two hours of repeat broadcasts). Radio Namaskar, the
> first Community Radio of Odisha (India) established at KONARK (
> Internationally renowned tourist place for Sun Temple) to make the common
> people informative & active participant of the community development
> process.Started its broadcasting on 12, Feb,2010.Radio Namaskar is
> established by Young India, a civil society organisation formed by some
> National Youth Awardees, Indira Gandhi NSS Awardees & Ex- NSS volunteers
> those are committed to the cause of social transformation & development.(
> www.radionamaskar.org)
> According to the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, 47 community
> radio stations were operational in India by 1 November 2009 (including 45
> campus-based stations and two CRS run by NGOs). By December 2009, the
> number of CR stations run by civil groups had increased to seven:
>    - Sangham Radio (Pastapur, Medak District, Andhra Pradesh)
>    - Radio Bundelkhand (Orchha, Madhya Pradesh)
>    - Mann Deshi Tarang (Satara, Maharashtra)
>    - Namma Dhwani (Budikote, Karnataka)
>    - Radio Mattoli (Wayanad, Kerala)
>    - Kalanjiam Samuga Vanoli (Nagapattinam, Tamil Nadu)
>    - Barefoot (Tilonia, Rajasthan)
> By 4 December 2009, the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting had
> issued Grant of Permission Agreements (GOPA) for 62 community radio
> stations. Most of the GOPAs were issued to educational institutions.
> The Society for Development Alternatives, a Delhi based NGO, received its
> Wireless Operating License on 31 July 2008 (for a Nomad 50 Watt FM
> transmitter, the NIN100) and began test transmissions on 15 August. Their
> CR station is located in the NGO’s Taragram campus, Orchha, Bundelkhand
> (Tikamgarh District, Madhya Pradesh), some 12 kilometres from Jhansi. The
> CRS, which broadcasts on 90.4 MHz, was inaugurated on 23 October 2008 at
> 11.35am by a community worker, Prabha.
> 'Gurgaon ki Awaaz' (The Voice of Gurgaon) received its Letter of Intent in
> July 2008, signed their GOPA in August 2009 and started broadcasting on 19
> November 2009. Based in Gurgaon (which, though in the state of Haryana is
> considered a part of the National Capital Region of Delhi), GKA is the
> first and so far only civil-society-led community radio station in Delhi
> NCR. Gurgaon ki Awaaz broadcasts 24X7, in Hindi and Haryanvi.
> Community Radio Sarang<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Community_Radio_Sarang>on 107.8 is managed by the Mangalore Jesuit Educational Society (MJES) and
> run by St. Aloysius College, Mangalore (a coastal town in southern
> Karnataka). Radio Sarang is a campus radio station but is oriented towards
> local communities as well. It broadcasts in Konkani, Kannada, Tulu, and
> English daily, and in Malayalam, Beary (the mother tongue of local Muslims)
> and Hindi on a weekly basis. It also broadcasts in Punjabi, by request of
> the local Sikh community. Since 15 June 2010, the CR station broadcasts 14
> hours a day from 6:30 to 20:30. Richard Rego, SJ is founder and director of
> the station.
> Banasthali Radio was the first campus-based CR station licensed in the
> state of Rajasthan, primarily covering the north-eastern part of Tonk
> district. Banasthali Radio has been operating since January 2005 as a
> campus radio station for students. The transmission reaches 50 villages
> surrounding the campus.
> To create a common platform for the local communities of Supi in
> Uttarakhand <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uttarakhand>, TERI<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Energy_and_Resources_Institute>launched
> *Kumaon vani* (a community radio service) on 11 March 2010. Uttarakhand
> Governor Margaret Alva <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_Alva>inaugurated the community radio station, the first in the state.
> *Kumaon Vani* airs programmes on the environment, agriculture, culture,
> weather and education in the local language and with the active
> participation of the communities. The station covers a radius of 10 km,
> reaching an audience of almost 2,000 around Mukhteshwar<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mukhteshwar>
> .[15] <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Community_radio#cite_note-15>
> Licensed to the Tibetan Children’s Village School in Dharamsala, Kangra
> (Himachal Pradesh), Radio Tashi Delek 90.4 FM is believed to be the first
> licensed community radio station in the Indian Himalayan Region. The
> Tibetan Community Radio Station was inaugurated by the Dalai Lama on 1 June
> 2010. Tashi Delek broadcasts from the Tibetan Children's Village (TCV) in
> Dharamsala, serving the Tibetan, Indian and expatriate communities of the
> region with music and local information.
> *Jnan Taranga <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jnan_Taranga>* (90.4 FM), the
> first community radio service in the North East of India, began regular
> broadcasts on 20 November 2010. The campus-based station, licensed to
> Krishna Kanta Handiqui State Open University, Guwahati, Assam, aired its
> first programme on 28 January 2009 as an experimental broadcast. *Jnan
> Taranga* literally means "knowledge wave".
> Radio Sharda, launched on 6 Dec 2011, is the first community radio station
> in the state of Jammu & Kashmir. It broadcasts in Kashmiri and Hindustani
> on 90.4 MHz in Jammu (Buta Nagar) and is billed as “a community radio for
> the displaced people of Kashmir” (i.e., Kashmiri Pandits). It is licensed
> to Pir Panchal, a civil society organization.
> Radio Ujjas, licensed to Kutch Mahila Vikas Sangathan (Kutch Women's
> Development Organization) is probably India's first community radio station
> close to its international border. It began test transmission at around
> 6.30pm on 10 Mar 2012. KMVS has been broadcasting its flagship Kutchi
> language programme, 'Kunjan Paanje Kutch Ji’ (Sarus Crane of our Kutch)
> from AIR Bhuj since 16 Dec 1999. Radio Ujjas is located in Bhimsar village
> in Nakhatrana Taluk <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nakhatrana_Taluk>,
> Kutch District of Gujarat, close to the Pakistan border. They applied for a
> CR license in 2007.
> Under the 2006 community radio policy, any not-for-profit "legal
> entity"—except individuals, political parties (and their affiliates),
> criminal and banned organizations—can apply for a CR license. Central
> funding is not available for such stations, and there are stringent
> restrictions on fundraising from other sources. Only organisations which
> have been registered for a minimum of three years old and with a proven
> track record of local community service may apply. License conditions
> implicitly favour well-funded stations over inexpensive low-power
> operations, several of which (Mana Radio in Andhra Pradesh and Raghav FM in
> Bihar <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bihar>, for example) operated
> successfully on shoestring budgets before the imposition of a community
> radio policy.
> The licence entitles them to operate a 100-watt (ERP) radio station, with
> a coverage area of approximately a 12-km radius. A maximum antenna height
> of 30 meters is allowed. Community radio stations are expected to produce
> at least 50 percent of their programmes locally, as much as possible in the
> local language or dialect. The stress is on developmental programming,
> although there is no explicit ban on entertainment. News programmes are
> banned on community radio in India (as they are on commercial FM radio).
> However, the government recently clarified that certain categories of news
> are permitted on radio, including sports news and commentaries, information
> on traffic and weather conditions, coverage of cultural events and
> festivals, information on academic events, public announcements pertaining
> to utilities such as electricity and the water supply, disaster warnings
> and health alerts.
> Five minutes of advertising per hour is allowed on community radio.
> Sponsored programs are not allowed, except when the program is sponsored by
> the government at the local or state level.
> Activists and community workers from across the country have banded
> together under the aegis of the Community Radio Forum of India to
> coordinate training and support for community radio stations, and to work
> for a more proactive community radio policy. The Community Radio Forum,
> India, was registered as a Society and Trust on 26 February 2008. In the
> meantime, mobile telephone operators have begun to offer commercial
> broadcast services over GSM, evading government restrictions built around
> traditional concepts of broadcasting technology.
> By 1 July 2010, the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting announced
> that 715 applications for CR licenses had been received, including 104
> under the old campus-radio guidelines. 231 Letters of Intent were issued
> (including 63 under the old guidelines). Grant of Permission Agreements
> were signed with 102 applicants, and 68 community radio stations were on
> the air. 107 applications were rejected, and 377 applications were being
> processed.
> By 1 February 2012, the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting had
> received a total of 991 community radio licence applications. Grant of
> Permission Agreements had been signed with 161 applicants and 126 community
> radio stations were on air.
> From April 1, 2012, the Ministry of Communications and IT has hiked the
> spectrum fees to Rs. 91,000 - a fivefold increase from the previous annual
> fee of Rs. 19,700. This move has provoked widespread protest from
> functional community radio stations, advocacy bodies like Community Radio
> Forum, and even the Secretary, Ministry of Information and Broadcast has
> gone on record to say that his Ministry's views were not sought before the
> decision was taken. He also expressed concern that many organizations would
> find it impossible to pay the increased spectrum royalty charges. The
> Community Radio Forum has already boycotted one policy consultation held by
> the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, on 9th and 10 May. Several
> community radio stations also observed a 'Day of Silence' on 9 May, where
> the spectrum fee hike was announced, a protest song played, community views
> were invited, and subsequently transmission was switched off for the rest
> of the day.[16]<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Community_radio#cite_note-16>
> [17] <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Community_radio#cite_note-17>[18]<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Community_radio#cite_note-18>
> However after pressure from Ministries and NAC the govt waived off the
> entire fees [19]<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Community_radio#cite_note-19>
> Content Exchange
> Indian government has been promoting content exchange especially radio
> programmes, good practices, case studies etc. to facilitate meaningful
> utilisation of available resources.
>  File:File:Edaa logo.png thumb This is the logo of EK Duniya anek awaaz
> website, which is an audio and knowledge exchange portal for Community
> Radio stations<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:File_Upload_Wizard?wpDestFile=File:Edaa_logo.png_thumb_This_is_the_logo_of_EK_Duniya_anek_awaaz_website,_which_is_an_audio_and_knowledge_exchange_portal_for_Community_Radio_stations>
> In past two years, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting has promoted EK
> duniya anEK awaaz (Edaa) <http://www.edaa.in> - which is an audio and
> knowledge exchange portal for Community Radio practitioners in South Asia.
> Edaa is a web-based service that uploads the content[20]<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Community_radio#cite_note-20>of radio stations. Listening to Bhojpuri or Tamil from villages that don’t
> appear even on Google maps, is such an exciting platform that even the
> ministry mentions this in its press release on future plans for Community
> Radio.
> http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Community_radio#India
> --
> FN  Land +91-832-240-9490 Cell  +91-982-212-2436 fn at goa-india.org
> Goa,1556 titles: http://bit.ly/Goa1556Books2
> Links to my books: http://fredericknoronha1.wix.com/fngoaindia
> Just out: http://bit.ly/StrayMangoBranches a new book of short stories.
> Join the Community Radio Forum. For membership details, please go to
> www.crforum.in
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